Casuarina equisetifolia is Erect to spreading, open tree with pendent branch tips, grey-green shoots, and scale-like leaves, 1mm long, arranged in whorls of 6-8. Lava flows have facilitated this spread, and in turn C. equisetifolia has started to radically change successional trajectories, increasing the rate of succession sevenfold. Frequently found on disturbed sites, and can occupy poor soils and several types of substrates; but does not do well in heavy, clay soils. Trees are also still planted by people. Casuarina cunninghamiana has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 12 (High Risk). This is the most widely grown species in California, commonly used as a windbreak. Casuarina equisetifolia has long and weeping branchlets (or needles). Links . Casuarina equisetifolia can establish on nutrient poor soils, e.g., beach sands, in part because the roots are in association with a bacteria that fix atmospheric nitrogen. Native of E. Australia, Pacifica Islands. U.S. It has been widely distributed throughout the world and is often considered invasive. CASUARINA equisetifolia. The name C. equisetifolia is often incorrectly misapplied to this tree, however the foliage is coarser and more upright than C. equisetifolia. Native to Australia, Burma, Malaysia, and French Polynesia. Biology & Spread: Australian pine is capable of flowering year- round and can produce tremendous numbers of small, winged seeds which are dispersed by wind. It has been introduced to new locations for coastal landscaping and erosion control. Dhivehi name: Fithuroanu. Family: Casuarinaceae: Genus: Casuarina (kazh-yoo-ar-EYE-nuh) Species: equisetifolia (ek-wih-set-ih-FOL-ee-uh) 5 members have or want this plant for trade. It got its name from an Australian bird, the Kasuar, because the foliage, clustered in pine like needles, looks rather like the feathery plumage of this bird. Casuarina equisetifolia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Status: Occasional and recently introduced. Use for harsh coastal sites, poor soils and sands where drought tolerance and hardiness are considerations. Casuarina Equisetifolia is a tree. It is truly fitting that the Australian Pine ends up on a site dedicated to edible plants because where it has been introduced it is a much-loathed tree by government botanists. BIOLOGY & SPREAD Australian pine is capable of flowering year- round and can produce tremendous numbers of small, winged seeds which are dispersed by wind. Since then, trees of those species have spread largely in southern Florida, but also into central Florida and coastal … equisetifolia has increased twentyfold over the past 40 yr from 110 ha in 1972 to 2373 ha in 2012. FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Casuarina spp. It grows up to 35 M. Note: The name Iron wood may refer to any tree that has a hard wood. Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen conifer-like angiosperm. Although various limiting factors affect its successful cultivation, incidence of diseases is most important especially in the wet tropics. It is evergreen. Family: Casuarinaceae. Stock: Available $ 4.00. Sheoak. Casuarina equisetifolia leaf Canopy appears cylindrical or conical, bark blackish brown and branchlets drooping, branchlets greenish, jointed, ring of tiny scaly leaves on the joints. Casuarina equisetifolia Roxb. Their long, wispy needles are a medium green. It grows in a tropical climate. This tree is locally called by its genus name Casuarina, but is also known as the Australian Whistling Pine for the noise made by the wind passing through its branches. Casuarina Equisetifolia This deciduous tree, in appearance closer to a Conifer, is native to Australia and India. Latin Casuarina, meaning Cassowary-like, from the common Malayan name pohon kasuari (cassowary tree), as the the branches resemble the feathers of Cassuarius cassuarius. C. equisetifolia usually flowers and fruits two times a year: between February and April, and September and October. It is reported to be invasive in a number of countries and is a particular problem in Florida and South Africa, and reportedly invasive elsewhere, e.g. The dense wood of this tree is used for shingles and fencing, and is said to make excellent hot-burning firewood. Latin equisetifolia, with leaves like a horsetail, referring to the reduced leaves of the tree along the branch, which resemble that of Equisetum species. The maximum lifespan of Australian pine is 40 to 50 years . The native range of Casuarina equisetifolia includes Malaysia, southern Asia, Australia and Oceania (the islands of the Pacific between Asia and the Americas). Responds well to structural pruning. Synonyms: Casuarina litoralis, Casuarina litorea. Trees infected by insects and fungi should be removed and the stumps grubbed up. 2019. But, where it is native the Casuarina was a life saver. With rapid growth, dense shade, dense litter accumulation, and other competitive advantages, displacing and extremely destructive to native vegetation. Fast-growing casuarina trees can reach heights of 60 to 100 feet tall. Three species of Casuarina, C.glauca, C. equisetifolia, and C. cunninghamiana, were introduced to Florida 100 years ago (Castle et al., 2008). Native to Australia. ... Casuarina equisetifolia. The fastest growth occurs in the first 7 years with maximum growth reached in 20 years. Common names Australian beefwood in language. Morton, J.F. & G.Forst., 1775 Casuarina equisetifolia Roxb. Early thinning checks it to some extent. Casuarina equisetifolia is probably the most invasive species in south Florida (ELEMENT STEWARDSHIP ABSTRACT for Casuarina equisetifolia Australian Pine). Casuarina equisetifolia. Casuarina equisetifolia and C. cunninghamiana are naturalized to the southwestern and southeastern coastal areas of Florida as far north as Tampa and Titusville, with C. equisetifolia particularly prevalent on beaches; C. glauca is present throughout the same general area, frequently as very dense stands along roads and fence lines. Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen conifer-like angiosperm. Casuarina equisetifolia. The worldwide introduced range includes the Caribbean Territories (including Puerto Rico, and … View gallery. Planted extensively in the southern half of the state as windbreaks and shade trees. Invaders of Texas Observations. Govaerts, R. et al. Casuarina equisetifolia Blanco Casuarina equisetifolia J.R.Forst. Casuarina equisetifolia L., a fast growing exotic tree of multiple end uses, has been planted extensively in tropical and temperate zones of India in habitats ranging from desert to high rain-fall coasts. In different countries or regions different trees can be called as Iron wood tree. Casuarina equisetifolia Photo by Zoya Akulova. Seeds freely throughout the area and has spread rapidly. It produces fruit in June and December. It is very salt tolerant. Abstract: Gravellia robusta, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Casuarina equisetifolia are the wide spread exotic species in Eastern Amhara. Infection by the root fungus Trichosporium vesiculosum is among the more serious diseases affecting Casuarina (favored by excessive watering and congestion). List All Observations of Casuarina equisetifolia… Add to Cart. It has become invasive in Florida (USA) where it interferes with prime reptile nesting sites. How it spreads: The winged seeds are spread by the wind and in water. ex Hornem. Mature Casuarina equisetifolia trees on Long Boat Key, FL. on Ile aux Benitiers) off the southwest coast where plantations. Another name is ironwood, because the wood is extremely hard. It has become invasive in Florida (USA) where it interferes with prime reptile nesting sites. It is native to northern Australia … Height 5-15m, sometimes to 25m, Spread 3-8m. Characteristics: Tree 7-15 m spread 5 m. Seeds per packet: 30. The cylindrical to ovoid flower cones are 5mm long. Fruit a globose woody structure dark brownish. 2001) and has begun to spread in certain areas (e.g. It has been introduced to new locations for coastal landscaping and erosion control. Present: AL, AZ, CA, FL, HI, PR and TX U.S. Habitat: Primarily in tropical and subtropical climates in coastal habitats, such as beaches and estuaries. Casuarina equisetifolia is now naturalized (Sandlund et al. 24 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 93: 87–95. Deliverable Casuarina equisetifolia L. CASUARINACEAE. 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