A third reason occurred when Cerularius excommunicated bishops of Constantinople for using the term. Select all that apply. The East–West Schism (also the Great Schism or Schism of 1054) is the break of communion since the 11th century between the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Churches. The second is the Western Schism of 1378-1417. This event is known as the Great Schism. * The Western Schism, related to the popes in Avignon versus those in Rome. The seesaw battle between popes and anti-popes gradually weakened the idea of the pope as a central spiritual authority in the minds of Christians. There were two events called the Great Schism, both of which happened in the Middle Ages. The Great Schism can refer to two separate events. He was the second pope elected by the same college of cardinals in six months, and for the first time in history there were two "legitimate" claimants to be head of the church in Rome. Soon after the papacy returned to Rome in 1377, there was a period of schism—known as the “Great Schism”—that produced several rival claimants to the papacy. The Western Schism, also called Papal Schism, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378 (Latin: Magnum schisma occidentale, Ecclesiae occidentalis schisma), was a split within the Catholic Church lasting from 1378 to 1417 in which two men (by 1410 three) simultaneously claimed to be the true pope, and each excommunicated the other. * The Old Believers schism in the Russian Orthodox Church. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 8, 2020 1:53:27 PM ET Political, linguistic, theological, cultural and geographical differences between the Western and Eastern churches led to the East-West Schism of 1054. One reason for the Great Schism was Michael Cerularius' disagreement with the Catholic practice of not allowing clergy members to marry. Eastern Orthodox Catholics and Roman Catholics are the result of what is known as the East-West Schism (or Great Schism) of 1054, when medieval Christianity split into two branches. The term Great Schism may refer to one of several events in Christianity: * The East-West Schism, in 1054 between Western Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The first is the East-West Schism of 1054. Factors that Cause The Great Schism Part A Introduction The first major division in Christianity took place in 1054 CE between the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. The effects of the Great Schism … From the […] which 1? What Were the Causes of the East-West Schism of 1054? Find an answer to your question What was the cause of the Great Schism of 1054 between the Byzantine and Roman Catholic churches? Another reason was the Latin Church's addition of the term "filioque" to the Nicene Creed. The Byzantine split with Roman Catholicism came about when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, King of the Franks, as Holy Roman Emperor in 800. The Western Great Schism: Two Popes at One Time The Western Great Schism began on September 20, 1378 with the election of Clement VII in Avignon, France. 2) The Rise of Nationalism The Great Schism, or the schism between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, is a complex issue that started well before the mutual ex-communications in 1054 CE. diff. Cerularius ' disagreement with the Catholic practice of not allowing clergy members marry. To marry not allowing clergy members to marry filioque '' to the popes in Avignon versus those in Rome excommunicated... An answer to your question what was the cause of the term `` filioque to... The Russian Orthodox Church popes and anti-popes gradually what were two of the reasons for the great schism? the idea of the term the idea of the term filioque! 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