Urdu shares its origins with Hindi, sometimes referred to as a ‘sister’ language of Urdu due to the similar grammar base that they share. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It was a language that was widely used and understood by Muslims. In Asher, 1994; pp. 221–. "Tareekh-e-Islam" (History of Islam) is Written by Maulana Akbar Shah Najeebabadi. Urdu also retains a complete set of aspirated stops (sounds pronounced with a sudden release with an audible breath), a characteristic of Indo-Aryan, as well as retroflex stops. Urdu is accepted by the Kashmiri Muslims, even though it’s considered to be a non-native dialect. Marginal and non-universal phonemes are in parentheses. History of the Urdu Language. The largest number of sounds retained is among the spirants, a group of sounds uttered with a friction of breath against some part of the oral passage, in this case /f/, /z/, /zh/, /x/, and /g/. Urdu a victim of cultural genocide. It came into existence in Central Asia around the 1600’s. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The word ‘Urdu’ is derived from the Turkish word ‘ordu’ which means ‘army’ or ‘camp’. Urdu Muhavare Kahawatain are usually called as Zarbul Imsaal. Badshah Munir Bukhari National Language Authority Pakistan 2003. (PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles). Urdu itself is a Turkish word that means army camp. History of Urdu A couple of weeks ago, there was a very interesting article in the Economic Times that gave the break up of languages spoken by the people of Pakistan. (Hindustani now refers to a simplified speech form that is the Indian subcontinent’s largest lingua franca.). This theory is difficult to accept because the author has offered too simple an explanation for the Urdu. The Urdu language is an Indo-European language, stemming from the Khariboli branch of language. 4863–4864. Now Urdu became popular and replaced Persian as the language of the educated masses. Topics in Hindi-Urdu phonology. 1554. One sound in the stops category, the glottal /q/, has also been retained from Perso-Arabic. Description. After the conquest of Delhi by the Muslims, the Persian element was grafted which resulted to … Hindi was used by Hindus and the Muslims used Urdu. Literary Arabic, usually called Classical Arabic, is essentially the form of the language found in the Qurʾān, with some modifications necessary for its use in modern times; it is uniform throughout the Arab world. Ramkrishna Mukherjee (2018). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Urdu Muhavare Kahawatain (Urdu Idioms and Phrases) Like English idioms Urdu idioms also have a totally different apparent meaning. It was between 1818 to 1905 that Urdu developed into a language of expression for religious, philosophic thoughts. Springer. Urdu is the official language of Pakistan as well as Jammu and Kashmir in India. "The Pursuit of Persian: Language in Mughal Politics." One distinction is that Urdu uses more Perso-Arabic prefixes and suffixes than Hindi; examples include the prefixes dar- ‘in,’ ba-/baa- ‘with,’ be-/bila-/la- ‘without,’ and bad- ‘ill, miss’ and the suffixes -dar ‘holder,’ -saz ‘maker’ (as in zinsaz ‘harness maker’), -khor ‘eater’ (as in muftkhor ‘free eater’), and -posh ‘cover’ (as in mez posh ‘table cover’). Urdu is a living language which, according to estimates, is spoken by close … So in order to help you in checking your knowledge about this topic, given below is a online quiz about First in Urdu language history. Urdu was used later for literature and at present is the mother tongue of most Indian Muslims and their brethren in Pakistan. Some linguists have suggested that the earliest forms of Urdu evolved from the medieval (6th to 13th century) Apabhraṃśa register of the preceding Shauraseni language, a Middle Indo-Aryan language that is also the ancestor of other modern Indo-Aryan languages. Modern Standard Urdu, once commonly known as a variant of Hindustani (ہندوستانی), a colloquial language combining the modified Sanskrit words found in Hindi with words (لفظ/lafz, masc. Urdu. Initially there was Urdu, which evolved during the time of Muslim Rule in India, as said in the army camps when people from all over India use to interact. Dua, Hans R. 1992. The origin of Urdu literature dates back to the 13th century in India during the Mughal rule. The literary community in northwestern India protested the move and wanted the language to use the local Devanagari script. Urdu Language History- In This Course We Will Discuss Urdu Language History Chapterwise , urdu zaban ki tareekh in urdu, history of urdu language and literature, urdu zaban ki ahmiyat This work, published in Delhi in 1920, is a history of the Urdu language from its origins to the development of an Urdu literature. In Z. Imam (Ed.). In many writings only the verbs are in Urdu, the rest consisting of Persian constructions and vocabulary, and the themes of…. Sameeksha Trust. Where is Urdu spoken? Urdu, distinguished from Hindi by its script and vocabulary, is … From the grammatical point of view, there is not much difference between Hindi and Urdu. Download PDF & Read books in parts and episodes for your convenience. Turks largely maintained contingents of Turks, Afghans and Indian coverts but keep them separate. They share the same Indo-Aryan base and are so similar in phonology and grammar that they appear to be one language. In Asher, 1994; pp. It is the official state language of Pakistan and is also officially recognized, or “scheduled,” in the constitution of India. Urdu is one of the principal languages spoken in Jammu and Kashmir in India. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In literature, Urdu was generally used in conjunction with Persian. Brijbhasha, though linguistically allied to the dialect spoken in the neighbourhood of Delhi, is quite different in construction and morphology. A majority of people living in Jammu and Kashmir use English or Urdu as a second language. But the most established theory relating the origination, evolution and development of Urdu language is that Urdu is a conglomeration of many different languages manly Arabic, Persian, Pashtu, Turkish, Hindi and some local dialects of India. 8 % Turkish word ‘ ordu ’ which means ‘ army ‘ or ‘ camp ’ and! 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