This event is known as the Great Schism. This separation led to the "Roman Catholic" Church, hereafter known as the Western Church, and the "Greek Catholic" or "Greek Orthodox” Church, hereafter known as the Eastern Church. The second is the Western Schism of 1378-1417. The proximate cause of the split was the mutual excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople and the Pope. Political, linguistic, theological, cultural and geographical differences between the Western and Eastern churches led to the East-West Schism of 1054. Factors that Cause The Great Schism Part A Introduction The first major division in Christianity took place in 1054 CE between the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. They disagreed about the use of icons. The effects of the Great Schism … Answer: The Great Schism is the title given to the rift that formed in the Church in the eleventh century A.D. The East-West Schism, also called the Great Schism and the Schism of 1054, was the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and … It is also called the Great Schism in Western Christendom and the Great Western Schism. B. Their rivals 5 Causes and Effects of the Renaissance. The Great Schism. What major difference between the Eastern and Western churches led to their schism? The first is the East-West Schism of 1054. C. They disagreed about Church leadership and authority. D. They disagreed about the language in which scripture should be written and read. Earlier the Church was the supreme power, but after the enlightenment, it began to lose its position. Western Schism, in the history of the Roman Catholic Church, the period from 1378 to 1417, when there were two, and later three, rival popes, each with his own following, his own Sacred College of Cardinals, and his own administrative offices. This is to help identify between this rift in the church and an earlier schism which occurred in 1054. A. Learn about the history and resolution of the Western Schism. The Great Schism can refer to two separate events. 4th Effect: Medici Family helped with Feuds. Question: "What was the Great Schism?" They disagreed about the divinity of Christ. 3rd effect: People started trade The Medici weren't the only famous family of the Italian Renaissance. The Great Schism of 1054, also known as the 'East-West Schism,' divided Christianity, creating Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. One of the most important historical events of the Medieval era is the Great Schism of 1054 and the Western Christendom split of 1378. The East–West Schism (also the Great Schism or Schism of 1054) is the break of communion since the 11th century between the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Churches. 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