Size– Smaller than first generation Computers. Second Generation (Transistors) Year 1956 – 1963 Characteristics > Used transistors instead of vacuum tubes for circuitry, which enabled computers of this generation to become smaller, faster, cheaper and more energy-efficient > Used magnetic core instead of magnetic drums as … The second generation of computers heralds the use of transistors instead of vacuum tubes. Generations of Computer: 1. 3. In this generation, magnetic cores were used as the primary memory and magnetic tape and magnetic disks as secondary storage devices. Other computers that used transistors include the IBM 7070, Philco Transac S-1000, and RCA 501. 4. The first models of this generation were developed for the atomic energy industry. BASIC. Transistors Replaced Vaccum Tube. For data storage magnetic tapes and magnetic tapes and magnetic disks were used. The main technology for Second Generation was transistors (1956-1963). The transistors were smaller than vacuum tubes and allowed computers to be smaller in size, faster in speed and cheaper to build. Thanks to this, they had other advantageous features: 1. The object-oriented programming was used in the fourth generation of computer.Various types of language exist in object-oriented programming such as Java, Visual Basic, etc. They were a big improvement over the vacuum tube, despite still subjecting computers to damaging levels of heat. Finally, in 1964, IBM released the 360 series, made up of computers that were characterized by running the same software in different combinations of speed, capacity and price. Computers began to decrease in size, and small magnetic rings were used to store information and instructions. Smaller, cheaper, more efficient and faster than second generation computers; High-level programming languages; Magnetic storage; Examples: Well-known computers in this generation include the DEC PDP series and the IBM-360 series computers. The IBM 7090 was a transistorized version of the vacuum tube IBM 709 machine. It acted as a transmitter and resistor (ergo its name; ‘trans’, ‘istor'). More powerful, more reliable, and less expensive, which made them more commercial. In addition, the use of high level languages allowed the improvement in program implementation and its use in airline reservation systems, air traffic control and general purpose simulations. The period of second generation was from 1959-1965. Computers could store more data in less space, 200 transistors could be accommodated in the same amount of space as a vacuum tube. ALGOL. FORTRAN. Computers of first generation used vacuum tubes as the basic components for memory and circuitry for Central Processing Unit.The first electronic computer, ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and calculator) was developed in 1947 at the University of Pennsylvania, USA. ... Every home has several examples of embedded computers. Examples of second generation computers were: UNIVAC 1108 Its original components were very simple. The creation of the transistor made possible a new generation of computers, faster and much smaller and, moreover, with less need for ventilation. The second generation of computers saw the use of transistors instead of vacuum tubes. 5. The input of this system was based on punched cards and paper tape; however, the output was displayed on printouts. The period of second generation was from 1959-1965. Techopedia explains Second Generation (Programming) Language (2GL) Assembly Languages originated in the 1940s, and are attributed to the efforts of the American naval officer Grace Hopper, with the introduction of the FLOW-MATIC language for the ENIAC computer. The Five Generations of Computers can be described as the overall development of computer technology respective to their size, power, PC memory, cost, and application. Uses of second generation computers . Index registers and floating point arithmetic hardware became widespread. 7. These computers differ from the previous four generations. Although first invented in 1947, transistors weren’t used significantly in computers until the end of the 1950s. The microprocessor chips are used in this generation of computers. The computers built in the 1950s and 1960s are considered the 2nd generation computers. In the second generation, the size of the computers began to decrease thanks to the creation of transistors to process information. In the First Generation, Computer and vacuum tube were the main components at that time as a technology for a computer. Fourth generation (1975 AD- till the date) 5. Large companies began to use the computer for storage, registration, inventory management, payroll and accounting. By 1960, IBM launched the IBM 1620 mainframe. In its normal state, the semi-conductor was not conductive, but when a certain voltage was applied to it, it became conductive and the electric current flowed through it. There are some computers of the second generation, which are given below: IBM 7094; IBM 1620; CDC 1604; CDC 3600; UNIVAC1108; Honeywell 400; Computer Architecture of IBM 7094. In order to create the first flight simulator, the U.S. Navy used second-generation computers. 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